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Summary. In a review article summarizes the literature on research related to properties of gold nanoparticles (night)
50 years ago, an American physicist and Nobel laureate bao vu le hoa Richard Feynman FA in December 1959 at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society lecture on "plenty of room at the bottom: an invitation to enter into a new branch of physics (There bao vu le hoa is plenty of room at the bottom: an invitation to enter a new field of physics) (RF Feynman, 2002). In fact, from this period mankind zadumalosya the problem bao vu le hoa study the effect on the body and the environment is extremely small particles. Lecture RF Feynman was the first step of the scientific and theoretical rationale for research in nanotechnology, the study of the properties of nanoparticles and the prospects for their use in various fields of human activity, including in medical practice (YI Golovin, 2007; Movchan BA, 2007; Moskalenko VF, et al., 2008; Rosenfeld and L. et al., 2008). By nanoparticles include fullerenes, bao vu le hoa dendrymery, liposomes, nanotubes, bao vu le hoa quantum tags nanorods and nanometaly including nanozoloto (Thaxton CS et al., 2006; AI Gusev, 2007; Chekman IS, 2008; Chekman IS, et al., 2008 a, b; Baptista P. et al., 2008).
Nanostructured gold has recently attracted attention of researchers. This is related to the unique properties that the metal shows at nanoparticles. These properties are not characteristic macroscopic gold and mostly associated bao vu le hoa with more superficial atoms, due to a large ratio of surface area to fill volume of nanoparticles. These properties include bao vu le hoa surface plazmonovyy resonance, giant (surface enhanced) Raman scattering, high catalytic and chemical activity. Among the various application areas of nanostructured gold occupies a special place medicine. In particular,
It is known that nanoparticles vyyalyayut slightly different properties compared with macroscopic objects with the same substance. There are exceptions and gold nanoparticles (night) and nanocoatings gold (refinery). One of the basic properties nanozolota, which is used for medical purposes - surface